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            文化地理特點

            • 2018年04月17日 17時15分
            • 來源: 四川年鑒社
            • 【字體:
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              四川文明在夏商時代為神權文明,西周至春秋戰國為禮樂文明。秦統一巴蜀后,巴蜀文化逐步轉型為秦漢文化的一支重要地域亞文化。漢魏之際為中國道教的發源地,隋唐五代為文學繁榮之地,佛教也取得了令人矚目的成就。宋代經濟文化高度繁榮,出現了全世界最早的紙幣“交子”。巴蜀的科技在歷史上很發達,有都江堰水利工程、種植技術、鹽井技術、青銅冶煉技術、天文學、數學、醫學等。

              四川主要屬于巴蜀文化區,區域文化自成體系。四川語言文化、戲曲文化、茶文化、酒文化、飲食文化、織錦文化、鹽文化等都具有濃郁的地方風格,如四川方言、川戲、川茶、川酒、川菜、川藥及蜀繡、蜀錦、川派盆景等文化品牌都帶有強烈的地方特色。川菜位居中國八大菜系之列,五糧液等川酒為國宴珍品,竹葉青、蒙頂茶、峨眉毛峰等名茶享譽全國。

              四川擁有世界遺產5處,博物館238個,文物保護管理機構177個,全國重點文物保護單位230處,省級文物保護單位969處,市縣級文物保護單位6565處,國家級非物質文化遺產名錄139項,省級非物質文化遺產名錄522項,中國歷史文化名城8座,省級歷史文化名城26座,省級歷史文化名鎮24座以及其他人文景點200多個。峨眉山、樂山大佛是世界自然與文化雙遺產,都江堰——青城山是世界文化遺產,九寨溝、黃龍為世界自然遺產,廣漢三星堆和成都金沙遺址出土的大量金器、銅器、玉器和陶器都屬文物精品。其中,象征著追求光明、團結奮進、和諧包容精神的金沙遺址出土的“太陽神鳥”被國家文物局批準成為“中國文化遺產”標志。

              兼容多元文化。四川文化雖不可避免地具有農業文明的封閉性和靜態性,但它又明顯地具有對外努力開拓的開放性。除了境內本土的巴蜀文化和西部藏區文化外,只要跨出盆地,便與楚文化、秦隴文化、滇文化、夜郎文化、藏彝文化區域路途相接,促成了與四方經濟文化的交流滲透,形成巴蜀文化多元兼容開放的明顯特點。改革開放以來,還吸納了西方節慶文化與飲食文化。

             

            (此資料由四川年鑒社提供,內容來自《四川年鑒》2017卷)

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